Kasmaei, P and Atrkar Roshan, Z and Bab Eghbal, S and Estebsari, F and Karimi, M and Mehrabian, F (2014) THE EFFECT OF HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ON RURAL WOMEN'S PAP SMEAR TEST. The Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, 12 (5). pp. 401-408.

10 Babeghbal.pdf

Download (220kB) | Preview


Cervical cancer is the most prevalent, malignant female disease, and it is the second recognized cancer in women, all over the world. Pap smear test is the only recommended method for screening cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the performance of rural women in the Health Houses of Shaft city in relation to the Pap smear test by using Health Belief Model. Materials & Methods: A descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 205 rural married women referring to the Shaft Health Houses using two-stage sampling method. Data collection tool was a valid and reliable questionnaire including demographic variables, knowledge and Health Belief Model constructs. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U and Logistic Regression tests (SPSS 18 software). Results: 66.88% of the women had at least once Pap smear test. There was significant differences between scores of knowledge and constructs such as severity, benefits, barriers, perceived selfefficacy and family history among persons with and without Pap smear test (p<0.05). Family history of Pap smear (OR= 2.183, 95% CI=1.116-4.270, P=0.023), knowledge (OR= 1.101, 95% CI=1.024- 1.184, P=0.010), perceived severity (OR=0.733, 95% CI=0.561-0.958, P=0.023) and perceived benefits (OR= 1.343, 95% CI=1.079-1.670, P=0.008) were determined as predictors of behavior, using Logistic Regression. Conclusion: Constructs such as severity, perceived benefits and family history of Pap smear test are important predictors, which are necessarily to be considered in designing educational programs

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Belief Model, Pap smear, Cervical Cancer, Rural Women
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2018 08:55
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 08:55

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item