Valizadeh, M.A and Hosseini Jazani, N and Amini Tapok, F and Khorsandi, H and Rahimi Rad, M.H and Aqdashi, M.M and Sardari, S (2013) COMPARISON OF EFFICIENCY OF EPIMAX S AND EPIMAX SC DISINFECTANTSON BACTERIA CAUSING INFECTIONS IN INTENSIVE CAREUNITS. The Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, 10 (6). pp. 867-875.

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Nosocomial infections cause death, increase costs and the patient’s length of stay in hospital. Proper use of disinfectants and anti-septics have an important role in reducing infections. The aim of this study was the evaluation of efficacy of Epimax S and Epimax SC disinfectants in intensive care units (ICU) of Urmia Imam Khomeini Hospital. Materials & Methods: In Thiscross-sectionalstudy, 672 samples were collected from different surfaces and medical equipments of intensive care units before and after disinfections. Cultured samples were identified using differentiation and biochemical standard methods. The results were analyzed using SPSS and Excel softwares. Result:Culture results of samples prior to disinfection of surfaces and equipment, showed that Contamination of the samples to different bacterial strains in intensive care units including 40% Staphylococcus saprophyticus, 29.2% Staphylococcus aureus, 18.17% Klebsiella, 6.17% E. coli, 4.34%, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and 2.17% Proteus. Laboratory studies showed that all the strains present in the samples are destroyed after disinfection by Epimax S with a concentration of 3% and contact time of 30 minutes, while Klebsiella was able to grow after disinfection with a concentration of 2% Epimax SC (recommended maximum concentration by manufacturer) and contact time of 30 minutes. Conclusion: There are significant difference between Epimax S and Epimax SC in hospital infection. According to the results, Epimax S of 3% with contact time of 30 minutes recommended control for prevention of nosocomial infections, especially in the intensive care unit, compared to Epimax SC .It is recommended that proper selection of disinfectants and disinfection procedures, elimination of environmental reservoirs of infection and the patients talent and experience at risk for nosocomial infections are evaluated for the prevention and control of hospital infections.Environmental health principles continuing education of hospital staff should be one of the operational programs of hospital infection control committee

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nosocomial infections, Disinfection, Epimax S, Epimax SC, Staphylococcus Saprophyticus, Staphylococcus Aureus
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2018 07:20
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2019 09:57

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