The Role of the IL-33/ST2 Immune Pathway in Autoimmunity: New Insights and Perspectives

Ramezani, F and Hemmatzadeh, M and Mohammadi, F.S and Jadidi Niaragh, F and Ezzatifari, F and Mohammadi, H and Gowhari Shabgahg, A and Aslani, S and Babaie, F (2021) The Role of the IL-33/ST2 Immune Pathway in Autoimmunity: New Insights and Perspectives. IMMUNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS. pp. 1-28.


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Interleukin (IL)-33, a member of IL-1 cytokine family, is produced by various immune cells and acts as an alarm to alert the immune system after epithelial or endothelial cell damage during cell necrosis, infection, stress, and trauma. The biological functions of IL-33 largely depend on its ligation to the corresponding receptor, suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2). The pathogenic roles of this cytokine have been implicated in several disorders, including allergic disease, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disease, infectious disease, and cancers. However, alerted levels of IL-33 may result in either disease amelioration or progression. Genetic variations of IL33 gene may confer protective or susceptibility risk in the onset of autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this review is to discuss the involvement of IL-33 and ST2 in the pathogenesis of a variety of autoimmune disorders, such as autoimmune rheumatic, neurodegenerative, and endocrine diseases

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: IL-33; autoimmune disorders; ST2; pathogenic; protective
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2021 06:32
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2021 06:32

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