The mesenchymal stem cell-derived microvesicles enhance sciatic nerve regeneration in rat: A novel approach in peripheral nerve cell therapy

Raisi, A. and Azizi, S. and Delirezh, N. and Heshmatian, B. and Farshid, A.A. and Amini, K. (2014) The mesenchymal stem cell-derived microvesicles enhance sciatic nerve regeneration in rat: A novel approach in peripheral nerve cell therapy. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 76 (4). pp. 991-997.

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Abstract

The accomplishment for desired functional peripheral nerve regeneration is still challenging despite various materials and methods. The effects of local application of omental adipose mesenchymal stromal cellYderived microvesicles (MVs) on peripheral nerve regeneration were studied using a rat sciatic nerve transection model. METHODS: A 10-mm gap of sciatic nerve was bridged with a chitosan conduit. The rats were divided into five experimental groups randomly as follows: cultured undifferentiated omental adipose-derived stromal cells, rest mesenchymal stem cellYderived MVs (c-MVs), antiinflammatory mesenchymal stem cellYderived MVs (anti-MVs), proinflammatory mesenchymal stem cellYderived MVs (pro-MVs), and negative control (Chit). RESULTS: The functional assessment of nerve regeneration (walking track analyses), electrophysiologic measurements, muscle mass measurements, as well as histomorphometrical and immunohistochemical indices showed drastic improvement in nerve regeneration in c-MVs and anti-MVs animals compared with pro-MVs animals (p G 0.05). CONCLUSION: The anti-inflammatory stem cellYderived MVs can be used as an alternative for the improvement of rat sciatic nerve regeneration

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 17
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stem cellYderived microvesicles; sciatic nerve regeneration; omental adipose-derived stromal cells; rat.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email gholipour.s@umsu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2017 06:17
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2017 06:17
URI: http://eprints.umsu.ac.ir/id/eprint/722

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